Working Holiday Visa
The Canadian Working Holiday Visa programme is managed by a section of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) called International Experience Canada (IEC). Each year they agree a quota of visas with each country that holds a working holiday agreement with Canada. The visa itself permits you to work, live and travel in Canada for 12 months (more for certain countries).
If you want to get your hands on one of these you will have to be between the ages of 18 and 35. You should preferably have no criminal record and present a police record to attest this fact. A quick online interview will also determine whether you are a weirdo or not. Owning a valid passport for the period of your stay will also stand to you and you should have enough money to support yourself on arrival in Canada while you are looking for a job. Begging on the corner of Bloor and Spadina for 12 months is not permitted on this visa. Of course, as mentioned above, your country must also have a working holiday agreement with Canada